IPO – Process, How to buy Shares, Risks and Returns

To become publicly traded, a privately held company must sell and make its stock available to the general public through an IPO. Get listed on an exchange to achieve this. New and established companies alike can participate in the IPO process.


A company can raise equity money through an IPO by issuing stock to the general public. It’s also possible to achieve this without raising any fresh funds by selling off the company’s stockholders’ stakes. Investors’ capital is not obligated to be repaid by a corporation that sells shares to the general public (public). The issuer is the corporation that is selling its stock. Investment banks assist in the issuance of stock. Open market trading of the company’s stock occurs after its initial public offering (IPO). Investors can then resell these shares on the secondary market for a profit.

What is IPO?

When a privately held firm goes public, it’s known as an Initial Public Offering (IPO). Skilled investors can also profit handsomely from their initial investments with this technique. An informed investor can make money on initial public offerings (IPOs). However, not every upcoming IPO represents a worthwhile investment. Despite the benefits, there are also hazards. Learn about the essentials before jumping on the bandwagon.

An IPO is necessary for what?

Firms can raise funds and expand their operations via an initial public offering (IPO). The primary goal of an IPO is to raise capital by issuing shares to the public, which is accomplished by borrowing money. The term “IPO” refers to this the first public offering on the stock market. An investor who buys these shares has a stake in the company equal to the value of the claims they have purchased.

The Indian IPO procedure

  1. First, an IPO company has to register with the Securities and Exchange Board. Then, they can start selling shares through an IPO.
  2. If the SEBI is not convinced, the corporation must provide the required paperwork and wait for SEBI approval.
  3. While SEBI reviews the application, the company is required to prepare its prospectus, saying that the approval from SEBI is pending
  4. On acquiring the clearance from SEBI, the firm is obliged to calculate the share price of the shares to be issued and report the number of shares it wants to issue
  5. The corporation must choose between the two sorts of IPO issues
  • In a fixed-price IPO, a company sets the price of its shares in advance.
  • Book Building IPO is where the firm sets a range of pricing, and there is a bid for shares within that price range.
  1. Once the company has decided on the form of IPO they intend to pursue, the shares are made available to the general public. The corporation accepts the subscriptions from the crowd and then allots the claims to those who applied.
  2. Shares are now listed on the stock market, and after the initial issuance, they’re available for sale in the secondary market. These are then available for trading daily.

What is the Best Way to Buy Stock in an Initial Public Offering (IPO)?

  1. Start by obtaining a paper copy of the application from your bank or a broker, distributor, or distributor. There’s an online version of this, too!
  2. You can now proceed to Step 2 and enter your personal information, financial information (such as bank account or Demat account information), and other pertinent data.
  3. Provide your total investment amount in this step, as well.
  4. Within ten days of the closure, the shares will be allocated (of the offer)

Considerations must be made before a public offering subscription:

Before making a stock investment, it’s critical to understand how the market works. Read the company’s prospectus and go through all of the financial information. These documents will reveal how much money the company plans to raise and what kinds of stock it plans to issue. Consider the company’s plans for using the funds raised from its IPO and its ambitions for expansion. A potential investor can use all of this information to make a more educated selection.

The Risk and Return:

A company’s first shareholders are those who purchase stock in an initial public offering (IPO). The share price will climb as the company grows, and you will reap the benefits. Stock markets also pose a risk, though. If the company fails, you could lose all of your investment. Because unlisted companies are not obligated to report their financials and so cannot be analyzed for their prior performance, one must be highly cautious while investing in these companies.

After great deliberation, investments in initial public offerings (IPOs) are subject to market volatility and should only be made.


We hope that our efforts to put all the information regarding what is an IPO, process, guidance on IPO investing, risk, and return. A large number of IPOs are all set to hit the IPO markets like LIC IPO, Campus Activewear IPO and Rainbow Children’s Medicare Limited IPO and more. Some research, analysis, time, and patience will make you a successful investor.